Wikispanishfood.com editorial team
New research was published in October linking moderate consumption of beer with healthy eating habits, in the study entitled "Relationship between moderate beer consumption, nutritional quality of diet and eating habits", led by Professor and Dr. Rosa M. Ortega Anta, Nutrition Department Chair of the Pharmacy Faculty at the Complutense University of Madrid, and Professor and Dr. Lluís Serra-Majem, Preventive Medicine and Public Health Chair at the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and President of the Spanish Academy of Nutrition.
The study, which analyzed the eating habits of healthy adults aged 18 to 50, focused especially on the impact of moderate beer consumption on the nutritional quality of their diets, concluding that those people who regularly consumed beer in moderation had the better eating habits which were more in line with experts' nutritional recommendations.
In the case of women, those who regularly drink beer in moderation also consume a greater quantity of fruits and vegetables and more vitamin A, folic acid, pyridoxine, magnesium and iodine, due to the composition of beer and their better eating habits. Men who consume beer in moderation have a smaller waist circumference and body mass.
The study debunks the popular myth known as the "beer belly". According to the authors, "There are far fewer calories in beer compared with other alcoholic beverages, since 200mL has just 84 kcal. Daily beer consumption accounts for a very small amount of the recommended daily calorie intake, which is around 2,000 for women and 2,500 for men."
The authors also addressed other issues, such as the relationship between moderate alcohol consumption and the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, noting that it depends on the type of beverage and consumption pattern. They highlight that beer is a beverage with very low alcohol content and which has other components which afford it an interesting nutritional profile, such as carbohydrates, soluble fiber, vitamins, minerals and polyphenols.
Beer contains numerous antioxidants from its natural ingredients, which are preserved through the fermentation process, some of which may have an antioxidant and protective effect vis-à-vis various illnesses while also regulating cholesterol in the bloodstream. Women who drink beer in moderation have higher levels of vitamin D in their bloodstream, a component involved in protecting against illnesses such as type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis, as it regulates calcium and phosphorus levels.